The pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a fruiting head that is a symbol of the tropical and subtropical regions.
The species is comprised of many fruit varieties, belonging to the same genus. The fruit, when ripe, has a very acid and often sweet flavor. But despite its acidic qualities, contrary to popular belief, pineapple is not a citrus fruit.
Pineapple originates from tropical and subtropical America (south-central Brazil, northeastern Argentina and Paraguay). It is believed that the natives of southern Brazil and Paraguay spread the pineapples in South America, which introduced pineapple to the Caribbean, Central America and Mexico.
The Spaniards introduced the pineapple in the Philippines, Hawaii, Zimbabwe and Guam, while the Portuguese introduced the fruit in India in 1550. The Dutch later brought the plant to Europe.
The decongestant, purifying and digestive properties of pineapples have made the fruit very popular as it helps eliminate fluids and reduce swelling.
Pineapple is nutritionally very complete because it contains vitamins, minerals, trace elements and offers numerous digestive advantages. One of the secrets of this fruit is its quantity of vitamins such as carotenes (20 mg per 100 g), the precursors of vitamin A. It also is a great source of high amounts of vitamin C (16 mg per 100 g) and vitamin E, along with vitamins of group B, which promote good skin.
The pineapple, being rich in vitamins A (beta carotene), C, complex B and E, and vitamin E, which has an antioxidant action that helps protect cells and tissues from external damage and damage and the antioxidant action, potentiated by vitamin C and beta carotene.
Pineapples also contain minerals such as potassium (160 mg per 100 g), magnesium and copper. It also contains some digestive acids and an enzyme, bromelain, which is found essentially in the crown of the pineapple (in the green leaves) and helps to metabolize the foods. Its fiber content (1.2 g per 100 g) helps regulate intestinal transit.
This fruit also relieves constipation and blocks the absorption of fats. Pineapple has almost no fats or cholesterol, but contains fast-absorbing carbohydrates. Pineapple is still good for hypertension because of its potassium concentration. It protects the body from infections and also helps to clear the airways.
In addition, as about 75% of its content is water, pineapple helps to drain toxins from the body.
On November 4, 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered the pineapple in Guadeloupe, in the Lesser Antilles, and promoted its dissemination, helping to make it one of the most beloved fruiting heads in the world?
100 grams of pineapple contain only 44 calories.