The name “avocado” comes from the Azetc words “aoacatl” ou “ahuacatl” that transformed by sound approximation into “avocado” in Spanish.
Avocado is the edible fruit of the avocado tree (Persea Americana), a tree of the laureaceae family, native to Mexico and South America, and is now widely cultivated in tropical regions, including the Canary Islands, Madeira Island and Sicily.
The avocado was widely cultivated before the arrival of the Spanish, but only gained attention of horticulturists in the 19th century. The avocado is a rounded or piriform fruit, with an average weight between 500 and 1500 grams. Its skin ranges comes in multiple colors including green, dark red, brown, purple and black. Its two main varieties are Strong (green) and Hass (purple). The avocado tree can grow up to 30 meters and grows best in hot climates.
The avocado is rich in vitamin E, monosaturated fats, vitamins, minerals and glutathione, a powerful antioxidant. Its high energy value is related to a high fat content, responsible for increasing HDL (good) cholesterol that helps protect the arteries.
Avocado is rich in nutrients, containing protein, iron, carbs and mineral substances such as magnesium (important for the metabolism of glucose and nerve and brain health); calcium (fights osteoporosis); iron (fights anemia, especially in pregnant women and infants and helps form red blood cells); phosphorus (which, together with calcium helps bone mineralization, promotes neuron activity and thought clarity). Its pulp is rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, E, sugar, phytosterol, lecithin, tannin and oleic, linoleic, and palmitic acid.
Avocados are available year-round in most grocery stores and supermarkets. Look for medium-sized avocados, fully-ripened with a pleasant aroma. Ripe avocados will yield to pressure when gently pressed. Avoid very hard avocados as they may take some time to soften and become ripe. On the other hand, avoid buying overly soft (too ripe) avocados, as they will have poor texture and little to no flavor. Look closely at any surface cuts or blemishes and avoid avocados that have them. At home, keep avocados stores in a fruit basket in a cool, dark place.
There are more than 500 types of avocado trees?
Brazil is one of the largest producers of avocados in the world?
https://pt.wikipedia.org I http://belezaesaude.com/abacate
http://www.corpodesonho.com/nutricao/super-alimento-abacate I http://poderdasfrutas.com/a historiadoabacate
To accelerate the ripening process, wrap the avocado in paper with a banana or ripe apple.