The raspberry is the fruit of the raspberry tree, and is a pseudo berry and aggregate fruit with a mild taste. Originating from the fields of Central and Northern Europe, as well as parts of Asia, the thorny plant belongs to the Rosaceae family. The fruit is often confused with the blackberry, however the raspberry differs from the blackberry in that it is hollow and more delicate. In fact, the raspberry must be grown at temperatures under 7 degrees Celsius for at least 700 hours a year to ensure good yield.
The raspberry tree is native to Europe, originating from Greece and has been appreciated since ancient times. From Greece, the raspberry traveled to Italy, the Netherlands, England, and finally, North America. The largest producer is Russia, producing roughly 102,000 tons annually.
Raspberries are known to have benefits that help internally with inflamed oral membranes and externally with dilated blood capillaries in the epidermis. Raspberry pulp can be used as a facemask to help promote circulation in the skin. Rich in tannins, pectin, essential oils and citric acid, cooked raspberry leaves can be used as an internal and external decongestant. These days, raspberries are known for their high anthocyanin content, which can be used for as a color additive in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries.
Raspberries are also known to help combat fluid retention, help release the body from toxins, and strengthen hair, nails and skin. Also low in calories, raspberries make a perfect snack for as a part of a healthy, balanced, low calorie diet.
Use / Conservation
Raspberries have a distinctive flavor but are more difficult to find due to their fragile nature. Thus, make sure to consume quickly after purchase. If you wish to keep for a longer period, store in the refrigerator without washing for up to two days. Alternatively, you can freeze the raspberries to later use in purees, sweets or ice cream.
How to Grow
Choose a location well protected from wind to plant the raspberries. While these fruits do well in sunlight, choose a place that also has partial shade, particularly in warmer climates.
Clean the soil; ensuring it is soft by raking or hoeing through the soil first. Pull out all weeds and their roots and add decomposed fertilizer to the soil. Next, prepare a wire support to help facilitate the plant’s growth. To create this support, plant stakes in a line, leaving 1 meter of space between each, then place a wire 40 cm off the ground that is long enough to go around the entire length between each of the stakes. Place a second wire 80 cm off the ground and repeat. Lastly, place a third wire at 1.2 m and repeat.
Place the raspberry plant in a bucket with water at room temperature to properly moisten the plant. To plant, dig hole between each of the stakes twice the diameter of the pot, spread fertilizer on the bottom of the hole, then place the raspberry plant in the center so the stem is close to the ground. Plant the raspberries 1 meter apart.
Fill the hole with soil around the plant, and then compact it lightly on the surface around the stem, ensuring the stem is oriented along the wire support. Water the raspberries generously after planting.
Do you know
As raspberries ripen, they turn redder?
That raspberry plants require over 700 hours at 7 degrees Celsius to ensure satisfactory yield?