Apples are pseudo fruit of the apple tree (Malus Domestica), and is one of the most cultivated tree pseudofruits.
The apple grows on small deciduous trees that bloom in the spring and fruit in the fall. Originating in Western Asia where their ancestor, Malus Sieversii, can still be found today, the apple is typically found in environments with temperate climates.
Apples are a nutritious fruit with many health benefits that also just happen to also be extremely tasty.
Asia and Europe have produced apples for thousands of years, and thus are present in the mythology and religions of many cultures and are included in Nordic, Greek and Christian traditions.
North America was first introduced to apples when European settlers moved there.
In 2010, the genome of the apple was decoded, leading to greater understanding of the apple, which proved useful in disease control and more selective breeding.
Apple peels contain a substance called pectin, which helps lower blood cholesterol, due to its ability to be dissolved but not absorbed by the gut. This combination helps pectin remove toxins and cholesterol.
Apples can also be used as a natural laxative to aid during elimination, as it helps absorb wter and prevent constipation.
Apples also have high levels of vitamins B1 and B2, which help promote a healthy nervous system, aid in physical development, prevent dermatological disease, stomach and capillary problems.
In addition, the apple is rich in niacin and phosphorus which help prevent mental fatigue, promotes bone and teeth health as well as iron, which is key to good blood circulation and quercetin, which prevents the formation of blood clots.
When buying apples pick fruits with brightly colored peels, firm and heavy, with no soft parts, holes or cracks. These types of fruits can be kept in a refrigerator for about a month.
Use / Conservation
It is important to keep apples in a cool, dark place with a lot of humidity. A well-ventilated basement is a suitable place for storage. If there is not enough moisture, you can increase moisture by placing containers of water in the space where the apples are stored. Apples should be kept in fruit shelves or shallow boxes lined with wood chips or paper. In large stacks, place wrinkled papers between the layers of fruit to avoid pressure marks and soft spots.
Store only healthy and intact fruit. Fruit infested with caterpillars, too ripe or too large cannot be stored for long periods of time and must be separated when harvesting. Apples without stems should be consumed immediately to prevent rot.
How to Grow
Start by planting grafted seedlings, which will result in healthier and faster growing trees, or through the apple seeds itself, but note that these apple trees will be more laborious to grow and harvest.
The ideal planting soil for an apple tree is clay or clay-sand soil types with a pH close to 6. The planting area should be protected against strong winds and should not have a slope that exceeds 20%. The soil may need to be enriched with phosphorus or potassium. Make sure to prepare the soil by digging a 60 cm deep hole.
If you would like to produce apples, plant them in several varieties, as apple trees need a variety of apples pollinating to successfully yield. Note that not all apple types are pollinators. After planting the seeds, it is necessary to subject the planting region to cold to “wake up” the plats and start its vegetative cycle and begin producing. In warmer regions, there are products that can stimulate this effect to ensure a healthy yield.
Make sure to monitor the growth of the plant, removing weeds, preventing pests, and irrigating the plant periodically. Make sure to remove bad fruits that are diseased, stained and weak, as they may harm the other fruits.
Following these tips will help ensure a healthy producing apple tree that provides shade, ornamental flowers and delicious fruits that can be consumed raw or in a variety of pastries and other fruits.
Do you know
Apple trees can live up to a hundred years?
25% of an apple is air, which contributes to its crunch when you bite it?
An apple only has 50-80 calories?
It is ideal to consume apples with the peel on, as it contains the majority of the fruits nutritional benefits, including vitamins and minerals.